2010 KCSE GEOGRAPHY TRIAL P2-001

2010 KCSE GEOGRAPHY TRIAL P2-001

Name……………………………………………………….                  Index No…………………/…….

School………………………………………………………                   Date ………………………….…

Candidate’s Signature…………………………………….

312/2

GEOGRAPHY

PAPER 2

JULY / AUGUST 2010

Time: 2 ¾ Hours

RARIEDA DISTRICT JOINT EVALUATION TEST – 2010

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (K.C.S.E)

312/2

GEOGRAPHY

PAPER 2

JULY / AUGUST 2010

Time: 2 ¾ Hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

  • This paper consists of two sections A and B
  • Answer all the questions in section A. In section B answer question 6 and any other 2 questions

·                                                         ALL answers must be written in the answer booklet provided.

This paper consists of 4 printed pages.

Candidates should check the question paper to ensure that all pages are printed as indicated and no questions are missing

1.         a)         Distinguish horticulture from market gardening.                                                        (2mks)

b)         Give three human factors favouring horticulture in Kenya.                                       (3mks)

2.         a)         Name the traditional methods of fishing used by fishermen in western Kenya .       (2mks)

b)         State three measures the Kenya government should undertake to conserve marine fisheries.                                                                                                                       (3mks)

3          a)         Identify two push factors in Rural to Urban Migration.                                            (2mks)

b)         What three measures has the Kenya government taken to reduce infant Mortality? (3mks)

4.         a)         Give two benefits of flooding in the lower Tana region.                                           (2mks)

b)         State three problems resulting from prolonged drought.                                            (3mks)

5.         a)         State three measures being taken by the government to conserve Kenya’s forests.   (3mks)

b)         Identify two problems facing forestry in Cananda .                                                  (2mks)

6.         Study the table below and answer the questions that follow:

The table shows a hypothetical data in population of livestock in various geographical regions of the world in the year 2006 in (‘000’)

REGION 55,794,324
EUROPE 3,632,720
NORTH AND SOUTH AMERICA 46,891,054
MIDDLE EAST 6,485,252
FAR EAST AND AUSTRALIA 21,180,986
OTHER AREAS 2,724,432
TOTAL 136,708,768

a)         i)          Using a radius of 4cm, draw a divided circle to represent the data in the table.

Round off the population to the nearest one million.                                     (10mks)

(ii)        State any three advantages of the method you have used to represent the data in a(i).                                                                                                        (3mks)

b)         i)          Name two districts in Kenya where Beef farming is practiced.         (2mks)

ii)         Outline the problems facing Beef farming in Kenya.                                     (4mks)

c)         Discuss any three differences between Beef Farming in Kenya and Argentina.       (6mks)

7.         a)         Apart from petroleum, name three other non – renewable source of energy. (3mks)

b)         Explain four effects of overdependence on Petroleum on the economy of oil importing countries in the event of an energy crisis.                                                  (8mks)

c)         i)          Apart from Olkaria ,name two other potential sites in Kenya where geothermal power could be harnessed.                                                                           (2mks)

ii)                  Give four reasons why Kenya has not been able to fully exploit her geothermal potential.                                                                                                  (4mks)

d)         i)          Identify five methods that Kenya can use to conserve energy.                     (5mks)

ii)         Identify three factors which led to the decline in the use of coal as a source of

power.                                                                                                             (3mks)

8.         a)         i)          Mention three methods which have been used to reclaim land in Kenya.     (3mks)

ii)         Explain three physical factors which influenced the location of Pekkera irrigation

Scheme                                                                                                            (6mks)

iii)        Describe the stages involved in reclaiming land from the sea in the Netherlands.

(6mks)

b)         i)          Explain three benefits the Dutch got from the Zuider Zee project.               (6mks)

ii)         Give four ways through which the Kenya government is solving the problem

of diseases and pests in the Mwea Tebere Scheme.                                       (4mks)

9.         The diagram below is that of Great lakes and St. Lawrence Sea Way. Use it to answer question a (i) and (ii).

a)         i)          Name the ports marked A and B.                                                                   (2mks)

ii)         Name the Lake marked C.                                                                              (1mk)

b)         Explain four ways in which the great lakes and St. Lawrence sea way has benefited the economies of U.S.A and Canada.                                                     (8mks)

c)         i)          State four reasons why pipeline is the preferred means of transporting fluids.                                                                                                                                                                      (4mks)

ii)         Identify four causes of road accidents in Kenya.                                           (4mks)

d)         Explain three factors that account for the popularity of containerization at the port of

Mombasa.                                                                                                                    (6mks)

10.       a)         i)          What is environmental pollution.                                                                    (2mks)

ii)         Identify four harmful substances that pollutes the environment.                   (4mks)

iii)        Explain three effects of Air pollution.                                                            (6mks)

b)         Discuss four measures being undertaken to manage and conserve the environment in Kenya.                                                                                                                                 (8mks)

c)         You intend to carry out a field study on the school’s environment.

i)          What two methods would you use to present your data.                               (2mks)

ii)         Give three reasons why you will need a working schedule.                           (3mks)

END