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2010 KCSE GEOGRAPHY TRIAL P1-001

11 Sep

2010 KCSE GEOGRAPHY TRIAL P1-001

Name……………………………………………………….                  Index No…………………/…….

School………………………………………………………                   Date ………………………….…

Candidate’s Signature…………………………………….

312/1

GEOGRAPHY

PAPER 1

JULY / AUGUST 2010

Time: 2 ¾ Hours

RARIEDA DISTRICT JOINT EVALUATION TEST – 2010

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (K.C.S.E)

312/1

GEOGRAPHY

PAPER 1

JULY / AUGUST 2010

Time: 2 ¾ Hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

  • This paper consists of two sections A and B
  • Answer all the questions in section A, in section B answer question 6 and any other two questions
  • ALL answers must be written in the answer booklet provided.

This paper consists of 4 printed pages.

Candidates should check the question paper to ensure that all pages are printed as indicated

and no questions are missing.

SECTION A

Answer ALL the questions in this section

1.         a)         Name two planets without satellites in the solar system.                                           (2mks)

b)         State three effects of the earth’s movements around the sun.                                                (3mks)

2.         a)         Define a river capture                                                                                                 (2mks)

b)         State three factors which influence river capture.                                                      (3mks)

3.         The diagram below shows a type of physical weathering.

a)         Identify the parts marked X and Y .                                                                          (2mks)

b)         List three types of chemical weathering process.                                                       (3mks)

4.         a)         State two conditions necessary for the formation of fog.                                          (2mks)

b)         Give three reasons why weather forecasting is important.                                         (3mks)

5.         a)         Give two  processes involved in glacial erosion.                                                        (2mks)

b)         The diagram below shows some features of a glaciated landscape.

Name the features marked X,Y and Z.                                                                      (3mks)

SECTION B

Answer Question 6 and any other two questions from this section.

6.         Study the map of Belgut 1:50 000 (sheet 117 / 3) provided and answer the following questions.

a)         i)          Give the six figure grid reference of the loose surface road junction at

Marumbasi.                                                                                                     (2mks)

ii)         Calculate the bearing of Singaronik school from Musaria school.                  (2mks)

iii)        Citing evidence from the map. State three economic activities taking place in the area covered by the map.                                                                             (3mks)

b)         Describe the drainage of the area covered by the map.                                              (6mks)

c)         Using a vertical scale of 1 cm rep 40m, draw a cross – section from 6R.

230510 to 6R 290490.

On it , mark and name

i)          all weather road loose surface                                                                         (1mk)

ii)         boundary                                                                                                         (1mk)

ii)         Calculate he vertical exaggeration of your cross – section.                            (2mks)

d)         Calculate the gradient of River Yurith from GD 322476 to 360494.                                    (4mks)

7.         a)         The table below shows climate statistics of a selected station. Use it to answer the questions that follow.

Month JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEPT OCT NOV DEC
Temp (0C) 21 19 15 15 10 09 10 13 15 18 20 22
Rainfall (mm) 115 100 75 35 25 10 10 10 25 50 75 125

i)          Draw a polygraph to represent the information above.                                  (6mks)

ii)         State three advantages of using polygraph method to present information.  (3mks)

iii)        Identify the type of climate represented in the table above.                          (1mk)

b)         State three climatic conditions experienced in the Kenya highlands.                                    (3mks)

c)         Explain four ways in which vegetation in the Nyika Region of Kenya has adapted to the climate conditions experienced in the region.                                                             (8mks)

d)         Explain how the Benguela Ocean current influences the Climate of the adjacent coast lands.                                                                                                                                 (4mks)

8.         a)         i)          What is a lake?                                                                                                (1mk)

ii)         State three sources of lake water.                                                                   (3mks)

b)         Explain how lakes may be formed by the following processes

(i)         Faulting                                                                                                           (2mks)

(ii)        Glacial deposits                                                                                               (2mks)

ii)         State two reasons why lake Naivasha is fresh.                                                           (2mks)

c)         Explain four ways in which lakes have a positive influence on human activities

in Kenya.                                                                                                                     (2mks)

d)         Suppose you were to carry out a field study on physical features found in L.Victoria

i)          State two methods you would use to record data.                                                     (2mks)

ii)         State three reasons why it would be necessary to conduct a previst                          (3mks)

iii)        State any two problems you are likely to face during the study                                (2mks)

9.         a)         i)          Differentiate between intrusive and extrusive vulcanicity.                            (2mks)

ii)         Name three intrusive volcanic features.                                                          (3mks)

iii)        Identify three ways through which a caldera is formed.                                (3mks)

b)         The diagram below represents a composite volcano.

i)          Name the features marked A, B and C.                                                         (3mks)

ii)         Describe how the above feature is formed.                                                    (4mks)

c)         Explain three negative effects of vulcanicity.                                                                        (6mks)

d)         Apart from vulcanicity, state any four causes of earthquakes.                                   (4mks)

10.       a)         Describe three ways in which winds erode the desert.                                               (6mks)

b)         With the aid of well labeled diagrams describe the formation of the following:-

(i)         Rock pedestal                                                                                                 (6mks)

(ii)        Zeugen                                                                                                                        (6mks)

c)         Students from Ramogi school conducted a field study on action of water in arid lands.

(i)         Name three water erosional features that they could have identified.           (3mks)

(ii)        State four follow- up activities that they engaged in after the field study.   (4mks)

END

 
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