2012 KCSE History and Government Rev P 1 -121027Q

28 Oct

History and Government
Paper 1
2½ hours

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education
History and Government
Paper 1

Instructions to Candidates
(a)    This paper consists of three sections A, B and C.
(b)    Answer all questions in section A, three from Section B and two from Section C.


1.    Define the term archaeology.                            (1 mk)

2.    Give two steps Kenya has taken to remedy food shortage.            (2 mks)

3.    State two functions of the council of elders among the Abagusii.        (2 mks)

4.    Mention one main factor that made it possible for Arab traders to come to the Kenyan coast before the 19th century.                                (1 mk)

5.    Give two ways in which an individual’s freedom of expression is limited.    (2 mks)

6.    State one way in which education has contributed to national integration.    (2 mks)

7.    State two challenges that faced the constitution review process in Kenya.    (2 mks)

8.    Identify two provisions of the independent constitution of Kenya.        (2 mks)

9.    Give one reason why the colonial government introduced the local government in colonial Kenya.                                        (1 mk)

10.    Mention two ways in which the colonial government controls African migration to the urban centres.                                        (2 mks)

11.    State one contribution of African women towards the development of political parties in Kenya before 1939.                                (1 mk)

12.    Give one contribution of Wangare Maathai to national development in Kenya.    (1 mk)

13.    State two factors to be considered in changing county boundaries.        (2 mks)

14.    Give one main function of correctional service in Kenya.            (1 mk)

15.    Mention one social achievement of Nyayoism in Kenya’s development.    (1 mks)

16.    State two principles of Land policy in Kenya today.                (2 mks)

17.    (a)    Trace the migration pattern of Eastern Bantu into Kenya in the pre-colonial period.                                                (5 mks)

(b)    Describe the political organization of the Mijikenda in the pre-colonial period. (10 mks)

18.    (a)    Give three reasons for Wanga collaboration.                    (3 mks)

(b)    Explain six results of the Wanga collaboration with the British.        (12 mks)

19.    (a)    State three ways in which colonial land policies in Kenya undermined African farming.                                                (3 mks)

(b)    Explain six roles of political parties in the struggle for independence between 1945 –
1963.                                        (12 mks)

20.    (a)    Examine factors that have hampered Kenya’s industrial progress since independence.                                                (7 mks)

(b)    Describe the political development in Kenya since independence.        (8 mks)


21.    (a)    State three functions of the senate in Kenya.                    (3 mks)

(b)    Explain six stages of the Law making process in Kenya.            (12 mks)

22.    (a)    State the composition of the organs of national security in Kenya.        (3 mks)

(b)    Explain six challenges facing the National Intelligence Service in Kenya.    (12 mks)

23.    (a)    Give five objectives of devolution of government.                (5 mks)

(b)    Explain five main sources of revenue for county governments in Kenya.    (10 mks)
Online Job for All. Work from home computer.

Marking scheme the above History paper



Posted by on October 28, 2012 in History, Humanities, Paper 1


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9 responses to “2012 KCSE History and Government Rev P 1 -121027Q

  1. Ali mohamed

    October 31, 2012 at 10:03 pm

    Easy understanding the best of all revision

  2. hosea mwai

    November 5, 2012 at 1:39 pm

    si uniinform kila mala

  3. mwangijoshua

    July 29, 2013 at 8:28 pm

    thanks for this digital learning.Mwangi joshua from Eutychus academy Riruta


    August 30, 2013 at 7:55 pm


  5. Silvester maina

    October 14, 2013 at 10:43 am

    Fabian fabian fabian.i like the way u set kcse exams.thank alot.mash from kinyogori high

  6. George kombe

    January 15, 2014 at 8:34 pm

    This is very helpfuly because i wont have to buy books for my revision.thank you.

  7. agnetar

    April 13, 2014 at 9:58 am

    im hpy 4 dis~God bless u

  8. derick

    May 9, 2014 at 4:46 pm

    good job

    • meshden gabuuludah

      November 22, 2016 at 8:07 am

      it look waoh


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