2012 KCSE CRE REV P1-20120919Q-MS

2012 KCSE CRE REV P1-20120919Q-Marking scheme

  1. a)         How CRE has contributed to the achievement of National goals of


i.        National Unity – The study of CRE helps the learner to appreciate and interact with other people of the nation as God’s creation and live with them in harmony regardless of the ethnic background.

ii.        National development – The study of CRE enables the learner to become useful and contribute towards the maintenance and development of the country/ hep the nation meets her social and economic needs.

iii.        Individual development and self-fulfilment – The study enables the learner to pursue further studies and career training.  The spiritual and social values learn through the study will help the learner through life as they perform their duties.

iv.        Social equality – The study of CRE enables a learner to acquire social values that will enable them treat other members of the society as equals and promote social equality.

v.        Respect and development of cultural heritage.  The study of CRE enables the learner to be appreciated in the African traditional culture.

vi.        International consciences -The study enables the learner to appreciate every person in every part of the world as God’s creation/The human race as one.  CRE teaches about the universality of God’s Kingdom enabling the leaner to live in love, peace and harmony.

b)         The first creation story (Genesis 1:1-4a)

i.        In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

ii.        The earth was without form and void and darkness was upon the face of the deep, and the spirit of God was moving over the face of the waters.

iii.        With the word of mouth, God created the universe and everything in it thus-

iv.        Day 1  – separated light from darkness

v.        Day 2  – sky

vi.        Day 3  – Land, sea, vegetation

vii.        Day 4  -Sun, moon, stars

viii.        Day 5  -Birds and sea creatures

ix.        Day 6  -Animals human beings

x.        After every creation God noticed it was good.

xi.        Day 7  -God rested.                                                                                          (8mks)

c)         State six similarities between the African myths of creation and the

biblical creation stories.                                                                                 (6mks)

i.        Both teach that God is the creation.

ii.        Both teach that man’s creation is anthropocentric

iii.        Both teach that God crated marriage

iv.        In both man was created after all creation.

v.        Both teach that God had assistants during creation

vi.        In both man must worship God/or depends on God.

2 a)     Describe the background to the call of Abraham.                                              (7mks)

i.        Abraham was an Amorite/  a Semitic tribe that lived in the fertile crescent

  • of the Middle East.

ii.        His father was Terah who lived in the city of Ur.

iii.        Abraham had two brothers, Haran and Nahor.

iv.        Amorites/Chaldeans of Ur practised polytheism/moon, sun.

v.        They offered sacrifices to the gods including human sacrifices in a extreme cases.

vi.        Covenants were made as a means/ritual of reconciliation between worrying communities.

vii.        Abraham married Sarai in Ur but she was barren.

viii.        After the death of his son Haran, Terah migrated back to his homeland of Haran.

ix.        Nahor refused to accompany the father to Haran.

x.        Abraham, Sarah and Lot and their servants accompanied Terah to Haran.

xi.        It was after the death Terah at 205 years of age that God called Abraham.

xii.        Any 7 points 7×1                                                                                                                  7mks

b)   Ways in which Abraham demonstrated his faith.

i.        He obeyed God’s call even where he had not known him.

ii.        He agreed to move to a land he didn’t know and leave his native land.

iii.        He was willing to sacrifice his only son.

iv.        He built altars for God to worship.

v.        He accepted to be circumcised even in his old age as a sign of covenant and his old age as a sign of covenant and his son and male.

vi.        He accepted to enter in to a covenant servants with God.

vii.        He changed his name and that of his wife.

viii.        After the birth of his son, Isaac, Abraham obeyed to follow God’s instructions about circumcision.                                                                                                                          (6mks)

2 c)      Lessons from Abraham’s test of faith.

i.        Christians learn not to withhold anything form God/to sacrifice their best to God like Abraham was ready to sacrifice his only son.

ii.        Christians learn to be obedient to God like Abraham obeyed  to take his son to the mountain for sacrifice as commanded by God.

iii.        Christians learn to have faith in God like Abraham had faith that he was willing to sacrifice his son.

iv.        Christians learn to trust in God’s provision like he provide Abraham with a lamb for burn offering.

v.        Christians learn that they should build a house for God to worship like Abraham built an alter to worship.

vi.        Christians learn that they should demonstrate their faith in action like Abraham demonstrated.

vii.        Christians learn to preserve life as God is not interested in human sacrifice that’s why he provided a lamb.                                                                                                 (7mks)

3 a)      Reasons Samuel gave against monarchy in Israel.

i.        Their demand was seen as a rejection of God as their unseen King.

ii.        God will not answer them when they cry to him.

iii.        The King would conscribe the Israelites sons forcefully into the army.

iv.        The King would grab peoples land or vineyards for government use.

v.        The Kind would force the people to pay high taxes to the government.

vi.        The Kind would force their daughters to work for his wives, sons and for the royal house.

vii.        The King would introduce slavery in Israel.

(6×1 =6mks)

3b         Outline the promises of God to Kind David.

–       He world make his name famous /great.

–       He would give him and his descendants a land to dwell in.

–       He would protect him from his enemies.

–       God would make his son as his own son.

–       David’s own son would build for God a temple.

–       God would raise a heir to his throne from David’s descents.

–       God would establish for David an everlasting Kingdom.                                       (7mks)

c)         –     Explain four life skills Elijah had that might have helped him in the fight

against evil in Israel.

–       Critical thinking – He was able to see that idolatry and corruption would lead to God’s anger against them because it was breaking his commandments.  Also saw that Yahweh was supreme to Ahab and Jezebel.

–       Creative thinking – was able to come up with different ways of fighting evil.

–       Ways that were creative and convincing e.g. the contest at Mt. Carmel, how he confronted the King after stealing Ahab’s land and killing.

–       Decision making – He decided to work four God and would not change even despite the dangers he faced.  He also acted on what he decided.

–       Assertiveness – He identified and pointed out evil and perused it to the end.  He would not change even despite changers he faced.

–       Conflict resolution                                                                                         4×2=(8mks)

4a)                 State six ways through which prophets received messages from God.           (6mks)

i.        Visions/dreams prophet Amos.

ii.        Prophetic symbolic actions e.g. Jeremiah/Hosea.

iii.        Through and object e.g. boiling hot for Jeremiah that became a sign of

Gods power e.g Jeremiah.

iv.        Hearing Gods voice/had spoken to them – Samuel

v.        Through national events/experiences

vi.        Historical events – fell at Jerusalem

vii.        Prayers

viii.        Through dialogue- Jeremiah/Mass preferred his – Jeremiah.                               6×1 =  (6mks)

b)         Give seven reasons why Israel and Judah would face Gods judgement

according to prophet Amos.                                                                                               (7mks)

i.        Oppression of the poor.

ii.        Perusal to repent/rejecting Gods message.

iii.        Idolatry

iv.        Sycretism

v.        Religious hypocrisy

vi.        Persecution of God’s prophets

vii.        Bribery and corruption

viii.        Failure to obey God’s commands

ix.        Killing/murdering at the innocent

x.        False sense at sense at security

xi.        Cheating in business/overcharging

xii.        Enslaving the poor who were unable to pay their depts.

xiii.        Robbery with violence

xiv.        Sexual immunity/temple prostitution.

7×1=( 7mks)

c)         Give reasons why it may be difficult for the church to embrace prophets

and their work today/

–       Presence of false prophets.

–       Lack of faith.

–       Do not embrace the gift of prophesy.

–       They demand for pay.

–       Other specialise in messages of doom.

–       Rivalry from other preachers who discourage people from believing.

–       Influences from people who don not believe.


5 a)     Describe the fall of Jerusalem as contained in Jeremiah chapter 39.                       (7mks)

i.        Jerusalem was invaded by the Babylonians in 587 BCE during the reign of

King Zedekiah in 587 B.

ii.        The Babylonian soldiers besieged the city of Jerusalem for 30mths.

iii.        Babylonian soldiers stopped food supplies into the city of Jerusalem and many

people died of starvation.

iv.        King Zedekiah tried to escape to Rabbah but was captured together with his men

near  Jericho and taken to Nebuchadnezzar, King of Nebuchadnezzar ordered for       killing of the sons of Zedekiah was blinded and frog matched and dragged in humiliation to exile in Babylon.

  1. The temple, King’s palace and other buildings in Jerusaleum were looted and completely destroyed.
  2. The upper class residents consisting of priests, court officials and craftsmen were taken to Babylon.
  3. The poor who were left behind in Judah were given fields and vineyards.

x.          Jeremiah was given freedom and treated well by Nebuchadnezzar because

of prophesies that Judah was to surrender to Babylon.

b)        Characteristics of the New covenant as foreseen by Jeremiah.                (6mks)

i.        God’s law would be written in people’s hearts.

ii.        They had be personal knowledge of God and no one will teach about Go.

iii.        There would be forgiveness of sins and it would be spontaneous.

iv.        Each person would be responsible for his/her sins/actions.

v.        The Covenant would be everlasting/ it would not be broken because God

will love them with an everlasting love.

vi.        God would initiate the covenant and each person would be expected to respond in faith and obedience/God will give them a new heart/a new will.

vii.        It would bring into being a new community of Yahweh’s people/ a new people of God.

viii.        The restored community would ruled by righteous King from the house of David/He

Will rule with justice and righteousness.

ix.        God would restore peace and security in Israel.


5 c)         Relating Jeremiah’s teachings to Christian’s life today.

  1. Jeremiah taught that the insincere worship on hypocrisy in worship was wrong before God and would lead to punishment. Christians are warned against hypocrisy in worship.
  2. Jeremiah called up the Israelites to shun hypocrisy to in worship/repent so as to escape God’s punishment.  Christians are expected to call people to repentance to escape God’s punishment/Repentance in requirement to avoid God’s punishment.
  3. Jeremiah talked about a new covenant that would be initiated by God in future after the exiles have been restored back  in their land.  In the new covenant the people would have a personal relations/knowledge of God.  Christians enter into a new covenant when they accept Jesus as their personal saviour hence are expected to have a personal relationship with him/whenever they repent, they are forgiven spontaneously.
  4. Jeremiah taught about judgement and punishment that was coming due to the people’s sins.  Christians are expected to repent of their sins/do the will of God to escape God’s punishment that is coming.
  5. Jeremiah taught about hope and restoration in the future for the Kingdom of Judah from exile.  Christians are assured of eternal life if they believe in Jesus and continue doing the will of doing the will of God.
  6. Jeremiah condemned the false sense of security in the Temple and city of Jerusalem.  Christians are expected to put their trust in Jesus Christ who is the living Temple of the new Israel (The Christian community).  He is their saviour.
  7. Jeremiah taught about a new age when Israel would be restored and ruled by a righteous Kind from the house of David.  Christians acknowledge Jesus as the Messiah (righteous King (who establishes God’s Kingdom in their hearts.
  8. During his teaching on Judgement and punishment for eh people’s sins, Jeremiah forced suffering like torture from the priests and King.  He was isolated and mocked.  Christians are expected to be aware of rejection and opposition as they preach or teach people about Christ and the coming judgement.
  9. During his call of a Prophet, Jeremiah was given authority by God over nations and Kingdoms to pluck and breakdown, to destroy and to overthrow, to build and to plant.  This authority enabled him to teach against evils in Judah and to teach about hope and restoration after exile. Christians are called by Go dot serve him and have been given authority hence are expected to respond in faith and obedience.

6a)                       Six ways in which ancestors were venerated in the T.A. Society.

  1. People named their children after them.
  2. Invoked their names during prayer.
  3. They tended the graves of the ancestors.
  4. They carried out the wishes of the dead.
  5. They poured liberation to them.
  6. Talked to them in visions/dreams.
  7. Buried them with respect/Decent burial.
  8. Called upon them to bless them/consulted them.
  9. They offered sacrifices and offerings in their honour.

(6×1= 6mks)

b)            Roles of Priests in the ATS.

  1. They led in religious rituals activities of the community.
  2. They orally pass on the morality/moral coder of the clan from one generation

to another.

  1. They are God’s messengers to the people (mediate)
  2. They lead in prayer /public worship.
  3. They drive away with cases and protected people from danger.
  4. They remove curses by appealing spirits.
  5. They act as prophets.
  6. They take care of religious shrines.
  7. They counselled people.
  8. They act as political heads and judges.
  9. They poured liberation and offered prayers of petition.
  10. They sometimes acted as rainmakers.
  11. They interceded for people before God, spirits/ ancestor.
  12. They installed King/chiefs.
  13. They represent/symbolize God’s presence among the people.


c)       The traditional African understanding of property.

  1. Property was owned by men/women and children not allowed.
  2. It was in term of wives, children, livestock and land.
  3. The move the property the wealthier the persons was/status.
  4. Property was passed on to their male children/inheritance was practised regarding property.
  5. People left a verbal will regarding division of property.
  6. There were clear rules/regulations regarding distribution/division of property and they were strictly followed to avoid conflicts.
  7. Elders oversaw the division of property.
  8. Anyone who showed traits of greed regarding property ownership was punished.
  9. In some cases, a man’s property was shared among close relatives like brothers.
  10. Property was shared out when the owner died.
  11. In most communities land  was owned as communal property hence was taken

care of Community protected land as their property.

  1. Everybody was expected to own property/land.  Those who lacked were given.
  2. People had to work to get property.


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14 responses to “2012 KCSE CRE REV P1-20120919Q-MS

  1. Paulo Mutui

    September 19, 2012 at 10:38 am

    these qtns are good. thankyou

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    October 25, 2012 at 6:27 pm

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  3. Paulo Mutui

    November 14, 2012 at 2:23 pm

    may i be allowed to print some or copy to my disc please? paul;o


    November 29, 2012 at 9:13 am


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    Please also try your best and introduce ONLINE DISCUSSION because it will be of great impact to us. “GOD BLESS YOU, GOD BLESS KENYA AMEN”

  5. dennis mbae

    April 13, 2013 at 5:19 pm

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  6. Dickson Kiprono kigen

    July 16, 2013 at 4:40 pm

    @Kigen (Kiptobit sec.)
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  8. Emmanuel opar osano

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  10. Richard ndunda

    July 4, 2015 at 9:31 am

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  12. Master Aj

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  13. Agnes Gitau

    June 23, 2017 at 10:39 am

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  14. brian omwenga

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