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HIS140601-1MS


HIS140601-1MS
HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT PAPER 1
TIME: 2 ½ HOURS

MARKING SCHEME

1. Two unwritten sources of Kenya History
– Archaeology / palaeontology
– Oral traditions
– Linguistics
– Anthropology
– Genetics
– Electronics sources 1 x 2 = 2 Marks
2. Two groups of people that form the Coastal Bantu
– Mijikenda
– Pokomo
– Taita
– Agriama
3. One fuction of the age set system among the Abagusii
– Acted as a military wing for defending the community 1 x 1 = 1
4. Two Greco – Roman records on the E. Africa coast
– Periplus of the Erythrean Sea
– Ptoleny’s Geography
– Natural History
5. Two negative effects of Indian Ocean trade on the Kenyan people
– Decline of local industries
– Intensification of inter-community warfare
– Colonization
– Destruction of wildlife 1 x 2 = 2 Marks
6. Two special interest groups that participated in the scramble of Kenya
– Missionaries
– Traders / imperialists
– Explorers 1 x 2 = 2 Marks

7. Two ways in which colonial land policies promoted settler farming / agriculture
– Land was acquired for farming
– Africans were available labour
– Settlers were issued with title deeds which ensured their land ownership 1 x 2 = 2 Marks
8. Two argument advanced by the colonial government to deny Africans academic education
– Africans would be aware of their rights
– Africans were assumed not to have the mental capacity to pursue academic education 1 x 2 = 2 Marks
9. Missionary who took leadership of YKA in 1924
– Archdeacon Owen 1 x 1 = 1 Mark
10. Two women who actively participated in Mau Mau movement in Kenya
– Wanjiru Nyamarutu
– Alice Kimathi
– Wamuyu Gakuru
– Wambui Otieno
11. Colonial secretary who presided over the 2nd Lancaster House Conference 1962
– Reginald Maudling 1 x 1 = 1 Mark
12. Two electoral regulation governing elections in Kenya
– The local Government act
– The election offences act
– The Kenyan constitution
– National Assembly and presidential Election act 1 x 2 = 2 Marks
13. Two types of Government expenditure in Kenya
– Recurrent expenditure
– Capital expenditure/ Development expenditure 1 x 2 = 2 Marks
14. One function the Kadhis courts in Kenya
– Settle marriage and divorce cases between Muslims
– Settle inheritance disputes between Muslims
15. Name one local Authority responsible for the administration of rural areas
– County Council
– Area council 1 x 1 = 1 mark

SECTION B
16. a. Functions of Council of elders among the Maasai in the pre-colonial period (3 Marks)
– Settles disputes
– Maintained law and order
– Declaring war and raids
– Final court of appeal
– Advising warriors/ blessing warriors 1 x 3 = 3 Marks
b. Political organization of the Luo during the pre- colonial period (12 Marks)
– Lowest political unit was the family headed by Jaduong
– There was the lineage councils (buch dhot) whose duty was to settle domestic disputes
– Several families formed the clan with a council of elders called ‘Doho’ which was responsible for settling inter-family disputes.
– A group of clans formed the Oganda which was under a higher council called ‘bunch-piny‘
– Bunch – Piny had the following functions/ Responsible in:
o Settling major inter- clan conflicts
o Declining criminals e.g. murderers
– They had warriors who defended the community and raided neighbours 2 x 6 = 12 Marks
17. a. Three factors that led to the abolition of slave trade in E. Africa 3 Marks
– Use of machines which were more efficient and reliable than human labour
– Argument by economists e.g. Adams Smith that free people were more willing to work than slaves
– Industrialization in Europe where raw market for European manufactured goods
– Humanitarians saw it as against human rights 1 x 3 = 3 Marks

b. Six positive consequences of long distance trade 12 Marks
– It stimulated local and regional trade
– Foreign goods found their way to the interior
– Introduction of new crops e.g. bananas, sugar cane etc to the interior
– Emergence of class of wealth merchants e.g. Chief Kivoi
– Development of trade routes
– Development of market centres e.g. Mbooni hills
– Development of plantation farming because of use of slaves
– Introductions of money economy
– Islam and Swahili culture spread to the interior 2 x 6 = 12 Marks
½ a mark if examples are not given as in the marking scheme/ any other relevant example
18. a. Three characteristic of independence church movement during the colonial period
– They supported African cultural value practices
– They support African cultural values & practices
– Led by educated Africans/ beneficiaries of missionary education
– Were opposed to westernizing influence by missionaries through founded on Christian value
– Were closely connected with African political association / nationalist activities
– Maintained some aspects of mainstream churches 1 x 3 = 3 Marks
b. Factors that influenced formation of political organizations and movements in Kenya after
1945
– The second world war – African fighter were inspired by other people they interacted with during the war
– Raising of African awareness due to western education
– Acquisition of independence by India, Pakistan and Ghana inspired them
– Lack of support for colonies by taxpayers in Europe
– Labour party in Britain cause to power in 1945 and support decolonization
– Pan – African movement support African Nationalists
– Mau Mau uprising forced Britain to decolonize
– UNO which was opposed to colonization
– Return of Jomo Kenyatta in 1946 which strengthened nationalistic movements.
– Nomination of Africans in Legco which provided them with a forum to fight for independence
– Support from Trade Union
– Establishment of National wide political parties KAU
– Emergence of USA and USSR as super power who support decolonization for different reasons 2 x 6 = 12 Marks
19. a. What factors led to the introduction of multi- party democracy in Kenya in 1992 5 Marks
– Intolerance of KANU to dissenting views of the people which often resulted in the expulsion of those who disagreed
– Alleged rigging of the 1988 general elections by KANU
– Pressure from donor community who tied finances to multi-party democracy
– Repressive measures by the government e.g. denial of licenses for public meetings
– Repeal of section 2 (A) of the Kenya constitution in December 1991
– Influence from other African states which had adopted multi- partysm of Zambia 1 x 5 Marks
b. Explain how the existence of many parties has benefit the people of Kenya 2 x 5 = 10 Marks
– Freedom of assembly and association has been enhanced
– Has facilitated accountability and transparency in the government
– The application of the rule of law has improved
– The fear of a powerful one party dictatorship has been eliminated
– The opposition has acted as a check and balance to minimize the excesses of authority by the government
– Freedom of speech for both individual and mass media has been improved
– A growing number of Kenyans are now more politically aware than before
– It led to repeal of some unjust and oppressive laws e.g. chief act
– Kenya’s image by foreign donor and investors has improved hence economic development
SECTION C
20. a. Three political duties of a Kenya citizen
– Voting / participating in civic affairs / party politics
– Building / promoting democracy
– Offering checks and balance to control excesses of power
– Participate in public policy development / advocating for favourable policies and legislation
1 x 3 = 3 Marks
b. Six instances when the rights of a person to own property can be limited in Kenya
– When satisfying any penalty for breach of civil and criminal law
– In collection of tax, duty, rate or other levies
– When property is seen to be dangerous to the health of a person, animal or plant
– Execution of a court order
– If property is required temporary for examination, investigator, inquiry, trial. Soil. Conservation or agricultural development
– Belongs to a deceased person, a person of unsound mind or a minor for its administration to the benefit of the persons entitled to benefit
– Belong to a person or company adjudged bankrupt
– Its subject to a trust for purposes of giving effect to the trust
– Condition of lease, mortgage or contract 2 x 6 = 12 Marks

21. a. Five functions of a constitution
– Protects rights and freedom of a citizen and define their responsibilities
– It’s the basic upon which the government is established
– Defines the relationship between the governors and the governed
– Spells out the legal framework from which the law of the country are made
– Promote national unity 5 x 1 = 5 Marks

b. The duties of the prison warders in Kenya 10 Marks
– Offer prisoners security when they are in prison
– They maintain law and order in the prison
– They supervise prisoners and execute court orders
– They train prison wardens to acquire certain skills e.g. carpentry to help them become useful members in the society
– They help to rehabilitate prisoners member in the society
– Entertain the public during public / national functions e.g. Madaraka day
5 x 2 = 10 Marks
22. a. Sources of revenue for local authorities in Kenya 3 Marks
– Fee from licences
– Cess
– Grants from the government/ loans
– Rents from building / social hall / stadia
– Fines
– Donations from well wishers e.g. Mayor Christmas trees 3 Marks

b. Five measures taken by the government of Kenya to ensure proper use of public funds
– Establishment of anti- corruption unit
– Establish of the office of the auditor and controller general
– Appointments of P.S as accounting officer
– Regular tendering and procurement systems
– Sensitizing the public of evils of corruption
– Empowering parliament to exercise country over public finance
– Approval of parliament is needed on the budget / supplementary estimates
– Giving of power to incur expenses only to certain officers
– Prosecution of those who misuse public funds
– Accounting of imprests by government officers after duty (official receipts) 6 x 2 = 12 Marks
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7 responses to “HIS140601-1MS

  1. antony hoodler

    August 29, 2014 at 7:23 pm

    i like it

     
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  4. Brian

    June 15, 2015 at 7:05 pm

    I lyk it

     
  5. Cyprine kipkemoi

    July 6, 2015 at 12:24 pm

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