1. One contribution of archaeology to the study of history
– Provide historical information in the pre-historic times 1 x 1 = 1 mark
2. British scientist credited with the evolution theory
– Charles Darwin 1 x 1 = 1 mark
3. Two results of the land enclose system in Britain during the Agrarian revolution
– Reduce spread diseases
– Displacement of people
– Encourage rural – urban migration
– Facilitate large scale farming
– Regulated cross-breeding
– Allowed mechanization
– Enable proper use of land
– Enhanced security 1 x 2 = 2 marks
4. Two vehicle without – wheels that were among the earliest to be developed by man
– Travois
– The sledge / sleigh
– Portage / Sedan chair 1 x 2 = 2 Marks
5. Two disadvantages of wind as a source of energy
– Its irregular and unreliable since it depends on nature
– Its intensity keeps on fluctuating and therefore unreliable
– Changes course without warning 2 x 1 = 2 Marks
6. Major contribution of Edward Jenner
– Development of a vaccine for small pox 1 x 1 = 1 Mark
7. Name one important activity associated with the city of Athens
– Centre of education
– It was a centre for sporting activities 1 x 1 = 1 Mark
8. Two functions of the Lukiko in Buganda
– Making laws
– Representing people
– Advised the Kabaka
– Regulated collection of taxes
– Controlled activities of the government 2 x 1 = 2 Marks
9. Two terms that were agreed upon during the Berlin conference
– Created spheres of influence
– Rule of effective occupation
– Abolition of slave trade by the powers
– River Zambezi, Congo and Niger were free for navigation by all powers
– King Leopold was recognized as a sovereign ruler of the Congo free state
– Protection of all European Nationals in each economy 1 x 2 = 2 Marks
10. Characteristics of direct rule in Zimbabwe
– Excessive oppression and suppression of Africans
– Use of decrees and orders / emergency laws
– Led to large numbers of European settlers
– Development systems was discriminated 1 x 2 = 2 Marks

11. Political challenges facing Tanzania after independence
– Political assassination of Abeid Karume
– Poor relation between the main land and island Zanzibar
– Political exiles e.g.. Oscar Kambona
– Different ideologies between the main land and Zanzibar
– Army mutiny
– Capitalists opposed Arusha declaration
– Zanzibar threat to withdraw from the union
– Border closure with her neighbours e.g. Uganda.
– Rise of multi-party democracy threatened unity
– Terrorist attack 1 x 2 = 2 Marks
12. Name one country in Africa where the cold war was witnessed
– Angola
– Mozambique 1 x 1 = 1 Mark
13. State two functions of the secretariat in the UNO
– Registers treaties
– Draws the agenda of UNO meeting
– Prepare minutes
– Translation of the conferences proceedings
– Publishing reports
– Undertaking research
– Day to day administration/ executive arm of the UNO
– Deals with correspondence / mail 1 x 2 = 2 Marks
14. Two aims of Pan – Africanism
– Uniting people of African origin
– Fighting against racial discrimination
– Fight against colonization
– Fight against European supremacy
– Restore dignity of the black man
– Eradicate neo-colonialism
– Improve conditions of Africans in Diaspora 1 x 2 = 2 Marks
15. Name the two houses of parliament in India
– House of the people (Lok Sabha)
– House of states (Rajya Sabha) 1 x 1 = 1 mark

16. a. Three factors that led to the development of early agriculture by man
– Climate changes – e.g. drought which threatened human survival
– Population increase – requesting increase in food production
– Inadequate wild food due to competition between man and animals
– Unreliability of hunting and gathering
– Natural calamities which destroyed vegetation and drove away wild animals
– Man realization that some crops could re-grow and some animals were friendly 1 x 3 = 3 Marks

b. Type of agriculture in Britain before 1750
– Land was owned by Kings who give to Nobles and was rented to peasants
– Small scale farming
– No use of fertilizers, pesticides and fungicides
– No use of machines
– No government support
– Poor breeds of crops and animals
– There was common grazing land
– Scattered pieces of land
– Use of open field system of farming

17. a. Three results of the invention of the wheel in Mesopotamia
– Increased volume of Goods transported
– Made transport easier
– Enable building of war chariots
– Improved pottery 1 x 3 = 3 Marks

b. Six disadvantages of modern forms of communication
– Promotion of international crime e.g. fraud, drug trafficking
– increased terrorism because of easy and speedy communication
– Cause noise pollution e.g. radio, television
– Some telecommunication devices are expensive to buy
– Can enable transition of pornographic materials
– Led to destructive warfare e.g. though use of military satellite to direct missiles
– Cultural erosion as a few countries dominate it hence it’s easy to influence their ideas in the world 2 x 6 = 12 Marks
18. a. Three Portuguese colonies in Africa
– Angola
– Portuguese guinea
– Mozambique 1 x 3 = 3 Marks

b. Six economic impacts of partition of Africa
– Africa was used as a source of raw material for European industries
– Speeded up economic growth of European countries
– Africa was over exploited
– Created overdependence of Africa on European countries for financial support
– Introduction of large scale agriculture
– Led to introduction of wage labour
– Africans got introduction to international trade and finance
– Disrupted Africans traditional economic activities
– Led to development of infrastructure e.g. roads, railway 2 x 6 = 12 Marks

19. a. Five benefits enjoyed by assimilated African in the four communes of Senegal
– Were granted French citizenship
– Were employed in the French civil service
– Enjoyed the same voting rights as the Frenchmen
– Were treated as “African Frenchmen ”
– Enjoyed protection rights under the French judicial system
– Granted education opportunities like French men
– Had similar trading rights as their French counterparts
– Were excepted from forced labour, taxation, arbitrary arrests and other discrimination
– Could be represented in the French chamber of deputies
– Had same civil and political rights as their French counter parts
– Had same local authority structures as those in France 1 x 5 = 5 Marks

b. Five factors that undermined the application of assimilation policy
– It was confined only to the four communes of Senegal
– It was expensive to implement
– Cultural disparity between the French and the African feared that its full implementation would make exploitation of African resources impossible
– French traders saw it as posing unnecessary completion in trade between African and Frenchmen
– African elected in French parliament were dissatisfied as they continued to be discriminated by their French counterparts
– Some French men could not agree to fuse their culture with that of the Africans which was seen as backward
– Africans who were largely Muslims could not accept to be converted to Christianity
– There were sharp differences between the African and the French legal systems
– Rise of African Nationalism which was opposed to the French’s cultural superiority
5 x 2 = 10 Marks

20. a. Five results of the Versailles treaty
– Germany lost her overseas possession to the league of Nations
– Germany was blamed for the outbreak of the war
– Germany had to pay huge war indemnity
– Germany was to reduce are arms
– The union between Germany and Austria was forbidden
– Led to creation of Yugoslavia
– Turkey lost her territories to the league
– An independent Hungarian state was created
– Led to the creation of the league of Nation 1 x 5 = 5 Marks

b. Five factors that enabled the end of the cold war
– Convening of disarmament conferences e.g. SALT I AND SALT II
– Collapse of communism
– Attempts by USA to have friendship ties with USSR
– Reopening of talks between USA and USSR on limitation of strategic arms
– Disintegration of USSR into separate republics
– Cancellation of Warsaw pact
– Establishment of western democracies in former Soviet controlled area e.g. Germany and Poland
– Adoption of Liberal policy by Mikhail Gorbachev
– Policy of peaceful co-existence by Khrushchev president of USSR IN 1953
– Adoption of the détente policy 2 x 5 = 10 Marks

21. a. Three benefits of international relations
– Promotes world understanding through cultural exchange
– Promotion of peace and security through peaceful settlement of disputes
– Nations can solve issues of global concern e.g. global warming, desertification etc
– Enables exchange of skills, knowledge and technology necessary for industrial growth
– Financial assistance is granted to developing countries
– Expansion of international trade and commerce
– Economic growth due to cordial relations between nations 3 x 1 = 3 marks

b. Six challenges faced by COMESA countries
– Boarder conflicts between member states
– Personality differences between leaders
– Lack of commitment by members because of belonging to other organizations
– Poor means of transport between member states
– Completion from non-members in trade
– Some members have pulled out
– Members produce similar goods
– Some member states fail to comply with the organizations regulations
– Huge foreign debts
– Unfavourable trade terms in the external markets
– Unemployment remains a major problem in the region
– Low purchasing power by the people from the member states 2 x 6 = 12 Marks

22. a. Three level of elections held in USA
– Elections to the house of representatives
– Election for governors / presidential
– Election for senate 3 x 1 = 3 marks

b. Functions of the congress in USA
– Making laws
– Amending the constitution with state approval
– Controlling government revenue and expenditure
– Incharge of foreign relations
– Monitoring the conduct of the president vice president and other high ranking government officials
– Incharge of senior civil service approval for appointment.
– Representing their constituencies
– Appointing commissions of inquiry to look into serious national issues
2 x 6 = 12 Marks

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15 responses to “HIS140601-2MS


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    • kabura

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  7. Devidoh

    March 14, 2017 at 9:43 pm


  8. Brian Otieno Aomo

    May 31, 2017 at 8:39 pm

    Good material for revision but do not depend too much on it but carefully listen to what your teachers are telling youyou

  9. Wyckliffe Mboya

    June 30, 2017 at 12:27 pm

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